The Essential Guide to Using Steel Piles in Construction
Steel piles, capable of supporting up to 100 tons per pile, are the very pillars of modern architectural marvels.
But how do these powerful structures become the foundation of the towering skyscrapers and expansive bridges we see today? This is the question at the heart of our guide.
In this article, we dive into the critical role of steel piles in construction, exploring how these essential steel products support large-scale projects and why they are a preferred choice among construction professionals.
Steel Piles 101
Steel piles are a cornerstone in construction, famed for their robust support. These piles vary in form. You’ll find some rolled, others shaped, and many in sheet piles.
Their main job? To dive deep into the ground, providing a stable base. This is especially vital in areas with tricky soil or under heavy structures.
The versatility of steel piles is impressive. They’re key in building everything from towering offices to sturdy bridges. Their role in ensuring safety and longevity is unmatched.
Advantages of Steel Piles
Steel piles bring a multitude of benefits to the construction table.
First, their durability stands out. Designed to last, they can endure tough conditions, from coastal environments to extreme weather. This longevity is a key factor in their widespread use.
Then, consider the ease of installation. Steel piles go into the ground faster than many alternatives. This efficiency speeds up construction and reduces labor costs. It’s a win-win for project timelines and budgets.
Versatility is another strong point. Whether it’s a small building or a giant structure, steel piles fit the bill. This adaptability makes them a go-to choice for many builders and engineers.
Types of Steel Piles and Their Applications
Steel piles come in several types, each with unique characteristics and uses. H-piles, known for their cross-sectional H-shape, are often used in constructing deep foundations. They are ideal for bearing heavy loads and are commonly seen in commercial and industrial buildings.
Pipe piles are another type. These cylindrical piles are great for soil that needs extra support. They are often used as foundations for bridges and offshore structures.
Sheet piles, made of steel sheets with interlocking edges, are perfect for retaining walls and cofferdams. They provide temporary support during construction in wet or unstable ground conditions.
Steel Sheet Piling: A Special Focus
Steel sheet piling deserves special attention in the realm of construction. These piles, with their interlocking design, are perfect for creating strong, watertight barriers.
They are often used in projects that require excavation near water bodies or in unstable soil. This makes them essential in constructing basements, underground parking, and sea walls.
The installation of sheet piles is swift and efficient. This reduces the time and cost of construction projects significantly. Plus, their ability to be reused in different projects adds an eco-friendly aspect.
Steel Piles in Pile Foundation Construction
Steel piles are fundamental in constructing stable foundations, especially on challenging terrain. The type of soil is a critical factor. In loose or compressible soils, steel piles provide the necessary anchorage and stability, countering ground movement.
Weight support is another key aspect. Different structures, from residential complexes to high-rise buildings, impose varying loads on the foundation. Selecting the right steel pile ensures adequate support and longevity of the structure.
Environmental conditions also influence the choice of steel piles. In areas prone to seismic activity or extreme weather, piles must offer enhanced resilience.
The Versatility of Steel Piles in Construction
Steel piles are much more than foundational supports; their applications span a wide range of construction projects. They play pivotal roles in creating stable flood defenses and robust ship berthing structures.
When it comes to bridge and highway construction, these piles are the go-to for reliable support, especially in challenging ground conditions.
But their versatility extends into urban construction too. In cities, steel piles are essential for building secure basements and expansive car parks. They also serve as the backbone of retaining walls, crucial for maintaining structural integrity.
In bustling ports, these piles support heavy-duty crane rails, ensuring smooth cargo operations. In the arena of high-rise buildings, steel piles provide the necessary strength to support these architectural marvels.
Choosing the Right Steel Supplier
Selecting the right steel supplier goes beyond basic material provision. It involves assessing their capabilities in several key areas specific to steel piles.
Firstly, the quality of steel is paramount. This means looking for suppliers who provide steel with the right:
Each of these will change for the different types of construction projects. The consistency of this quality across different batches is also crucial.
A good supplier should offer a variety of pile types, such as:
- Pipe piles
- Sheet piles
Customization options are also a plus, allowing for piles tailored to specific project requirements.
Logistics and delivery are other critical factors. Reliable suppliers ensure timely delivery and have efficient distribution networks to keep projects on schedule.
Additionally, technical support and expertise are invaluable. Suppliers like Intsel Steel East, who understand the intricacies of construction projects, can provide invaluable advice on the best type of steel pile.
Intsel Steel East excels in these areas. They not only offer a wide range of high-quality steel piles but also bring technical expertise and reliable customer service to the table. Their commitment to supporting clients throughout the project lifecycle makes them a preferred supplier in the Northeast.
Steel Piles: The Foundation of Future Constructions
Steel piles are indispensable in today’s construction landscape. Their strength, versatility, and adaptability make them ideal for a wide array of projects, from skyscrapers to bridges and beyond. As we’ve seen, their applications are as varied as the challenges they overcome.
For those looking to leverage the full potential of steel piles, Intsel Steel East stands out with its expertise and diverse product range. Their commitment to quality and customer satisfaction sets them apart as a leading steel distributor.
Ready to strengthen your next project with the best steel piles? Connect with Intsel Steel East, where quality meets expertise in every pile.
A572 Vs. A36 | Grade Comparison and Uses
In October of 2022, United States steel production was roughly 1.67 million net tons. Manufacturers looking for the best grade of steel for their project will want a side-by-side comparison. When deciding between grades of steel, you’ll likely need to compare A572 vs A36. In the United States, A572 steel and A36 steel are some of the most common metals used in construction and manufacturing. These grades of steel are similar in many ways but differ in their chemical composition and physical properties.
In this article, we’ll cover the differences between A572 and A36 steel as well as what applications they’re best for. Keep reading to learn everything you need to know about A36 vs A572 steel!
A572 vs A36: An Overview
A36 and A572 steel both fall into the category of mild steel despite their different compositions. Mild steel has a lower concentration of carbon in comparison to other steel types. Steel with reduced carbon content is easier to work with, but loses some of its strength. For structural applications and light fabrication, A36 steel plate is one of the most common materials in use. In addition to being inexpensive, A36’s especially low carbon content makes it easy to work with.
A572 is an HSLA steel, which stands for high-strength, low-alloy. HSLA steel includes alloys that make the material stronger and more durable. Common alloys added to A572 steel to strengthen it include manganese and phosphorus. Because of A572’s tensile strength, it can bear higher amounts of weight than comparable grades of steel. As a result, manufacturers commonly use this grade of steel for heavy-duty structural applications where they can’t use as much material. Because of the strengthening alloys added to A572, the material is generally more expensive per pound than A36. Although A36 is less expensive, its lower tensile strength and corrosion resistance make finished structures less durable.
A36 vs A572: Common Uses
Before purchasing materials from a metal supplier, any shop manager should be aware of the best way to use different grades of steel. Although A572 and A36 are similar grades of mild steel, their differences in chemical composition mean they have different applications. For projects where manufacturers need to use less material to reduce cost, A572 offers the advantage.
While A36 has less tensile strength than A572, its lower carbon contehttps://www.bushwickmetals.com/products/nt makes it easier to weld, reshape, and machine. As a result, A36 steel is generally easier to work with and reduces labor hours. A36 steel is a cost-effective material for light fabrication, as well as building construction.
Which Steel Grade Is Right for Your Project?
Before taking on a fabrication or construction job, knowing all the material specifications of the finished product is crucial. This information will help you determine which type of steel will be best in terms of function and cost. Several factors can help you choose the right grade of steel for your project if the client doesn’t have a preference.
Working With the Material
Because A36 isn’t as strong or as hard as A572, it is easier to cut, bend, and mill. For projects involving intricately shaped or precision machined parts, A36 can reduce turnaround time as well as material cost. Manufacturers should use A36 for projects requiring more machining if the finished product doesn’t need high tensile strength.
In addition to lower conductivity, the strengthening alloys in A572 can make it more difficult to weld. Any carbon steel is suitable for arc welding, but grades of steel that conduct electricity well offer higher weldability. A36 is also a good choice for jobs where weld requirements and tolerances are especially exact, such as with union jobs. The steel grade’s higher weldability will make it easier to meet weld requirements. Although a metal that’s easier to work with can reduce labor costs and man-hours, you should consider strength requirements. A572 is a better choice for heavy structural jobs despite its higher cost.
In terms of strength, A572 is the clear choice over A36. If the finished structure has to stand up to large amounts of weight, you should consider using the HSLA alloy steel. A36 steel has a minimum yield of 36 ksi, while A572 offers a minimum yield of 50 ksi. The ksi, or kilo-pound per square inch, is a unit of pressure like psi. Unlike PSI, which is ordinarily a measurement for gases, ksi denotes a material’s tensile strength or yield strength.
Another important factor in choosing a grade of steel is if the structure needs to stand up to the elements. Steel structures that won’t be painted should resist corrosion from exposure to water. In addition to its higher strength, A572 steel also resists corrosion. Because A572 doesn’t need painting to resist rusting, it can save material costs and time for outdoor structures. A36 steel, despite being easier to work with and inexpensive, is less corrosion-resistant, meaning it will rust over time if not painted. As a result, manufacturers should avoid this grade of steel for projects that will come into contact with water regularly.
Some finished projects will have to hold up to extremely high or low temperatures. A36 steel is less likely to hold its shape under extreme heat than A572. However, both grades of steel can withstand temperatures up to 750° Fahrenheit. If a structure needs to withstand higher temperatures, mild steel of any kind probably isn’t suitable.
Get the Right Steel for the Job
No matter what job your shop needs steel for, knowing the difference between A572 vs A36 steel is essential. A572 is stronger and more durable, while A36 is cheaper and easy to reshape. You should consider the material’s cost as well as its durability. How easy the material is to work with is another important factor.
For other questions about comparing A36 vs A572 steel, Bushwick Metals can help. Contact us today to learn more about which steel grade is right for your job!
9 Advantages of Using Steel in Construction Projects
So, your construction firm is in the running for a major construction contract. You’re putting the finishing touches on your bid. But you still need lower construction costs. Yes, inexpensive building materials can make your bid stand out. But you want this construction gig to last and to impress your clients. And that’s where the advantages of steel in construction should enter your presentation.
Before presenting your next construction bid, read about the benefits of steel construction. Steel helps save on the budget and can save unwanted expenses. Are you a production coordinator having difficulty finding materials due to shortages? There is still time to consider steel construction in your construction projects. Reliable and durable, read why steel construction makes your construction firm stand out.
The Main Advantages of Steel in Construction
Construction coordinators turn to steel because of its high availability. As a result, steel makes up over half the demand for building materials. And if you to build a build, consider steel.
Also, construction coordinators can buy steel in forms like rebar or raw. Of course, construction firms can rely on Bushwick Metals for their construction projects. We also assist construction coordinators and firms with steel construction management. Also, our steel is carbon-based. So, construction firms can build sound and environmentally friendly buildings.
Steel Construction Helps the Environment
Construction firms are mobilizing to be carbon compliant by 2050. The advantages of structural steel in construction helps reduce carbon emissions.
Unlike lumber, which requires many trees to be cut down, steel is recyclable. Firms and coordinators can repurpose it for other steel construction. For example, wide flange beams made in America consist of over 90% scrap metal.
It helps Save on Energy Costs
As energy bills continue to soar, your firm can save clients money with steel. One of the advantages of steel in construction is its energy efficiency. Interior steel beams, for example, can store energy inside buildings.
The benefits of steel construction tie into renewable energy. So, for example, you can use steel construction for roofing to install solar panels. Steel construction also supports geothermal energy. Furthermore, steel also reinforces window panels. That way, firms can add another layer of tightness to keep out cold air.
Steel Construction Reinforcement
Steel constructions works best for infrastructure projects. Steel works with water distribution projects. Coordinators can use use steel like rebar as extra support for power stations. And the same is true for gas systems. Firms can read our blog about the benefits of rebar.
Steel Is a Light Load
Besides its reputation for strength, steel is also a light construction material. Concrete production coordinators can use steel as a lighter and cost effective alternative. It’s also not a headache for coordinators to move steel. Bushwick Metals has warehouses throughout the New England states. We take the lead in steel supplies for Northeast construction projects.
Steel Has Many Construction Options
Steel construction also welcomes creative opportunities. Architects can use steel structures to produce stable works of art.From simple to complex coordinators can use our steel-shaping services for construction projects. Didn’t plan for expansion? No problem. Steel construction gets the job done.
If you need to add an extra office, you can use steel to build into and expand the current structure. Also, expanding with steel doesn’t interfere with or compromise the current building’s integrity. Steel construction doesn’t have to be for permanent buildings. The advantages of steel in construction also apply to temporary buildings.
Specialists like welders can break them down. Also, the same steel is reusable for other construction projects.
Steel is Durable
Construction firms should invest in steel construction because it’s affordable and durable. Steel requires next to no maintenance. As a result, it can withstand rotting and other weather damage. Also, galvanized steel aids in avoiding rust. Furthermore, steel construction is essential for earthquake and seismic activity support.
Unlike lumber, which can warp over time, steel doesn’t warp. Steel, yet, has high ductility properties. These advantages of structural steel in construction can save on costly repairs.
Steel Construction Saves Time
The time to finish construction can make or breaks bids. Steel construction saves time because firms can buy them in sheets, beams, and other forms. This can save you time molding and shaping the steel.
Steel Construction Is Fire Resistant
Unfortunately, wooden construction projects present high fire risks. But, construction firms don’t have to worry about high levels of fire danger with steel. Our steel is built with a high carbon alloy. This same alloy has flame-retardant layers.
Steel Construction Helps Against Pests
Another headache for construction projects is keeping out rodents and other pests. One of the underrated advantages of structural steel in construction is pest control.
Steel materials prevent rodents from chewing their way inside. Also, steel construction also wards off bugs and insects. Thanks to this, you can reduce property damage repairs.
More About the Advantages of Steel in Construction
Construction firms have relied on Bushwick Metals for over one hundred years. Second, to none, we are the undisputed steel supplier in the Northeast region. From panels to decks, we offer the materials to meet your construction projects. Our advantages of steel in construction extend beyond our inventory. With Intsel Steel, Bushwick Metals remains steadfast for our next-day delivery services. We have warehouses throughout the east coast. And we only use high-grade steel materials. So coordinators can rely on consistent results and durable construction projects.
Contact Bushwick Metals today to help you with your construction projects. We also can cut and shape steel to meet your specialized demands.
5 Benefits Of I Beams Construction
Have you ever wondered how engineers manage to keep such massive buildings standing? There is one useful building structure that if it were not there, the entire building system might collapse. This structure is known as an I beam.
Since they can sustain a large amount of weight from various directions, I beams are important structural steel components used in civil engineering and building construction for steel-framed projects like floor joints and truss systems. When compared to concrete, I beam construction increases the interior space by more than 5% while lowering the building’s load by 19% to 31% and minimizing the structural internal stress.
So, why are the I beams preferred more compared to the wooden beam framework? Is it because of their strength? Are they cost-effective? Continue reading to find out the answers.
1. The Strength of the I Beam
I beams are often manufactured from an iron-steel alloy, but some are also made of aluminum. The method by which steel is melted has a beneficial impact on its strength.
Steel has a property that enables it to endure large amounts of weight. The I beam’s design is intended to distribute weight evenly to the entire beam. When substantial weight is applied to the beam, the deflection will fall near the center, increasing the stress on the sides. It also bends instead of buckles when subjected to intense pressure, making it stronger than other beams.
Most contractors consider using wooden beams because of the flexibility they provide, as they will allow you to drill holes, hang lights, and attach things without compromising the wood’s structure. Drilling holes in an I beam, on the other hand, reduces its structural strength.
Depending on your requirements, both timber beams and steel beams might be beneficial. However, the I beam is always the strongest.
Other qualities of the I beam are high accuracy, low residual stress, and less expensive welding materials, which save approximately 30% of the cost of steel structure construction.
Cost is crucial in construction projects, and most individuals are looking for ways to reduce construction expenses. You may simply estimate the cost for your project based on the amount of material needed and the building structure.
Considering using I beams in your building project is an important step toward minimizing construction expenses. There are several benefits of using I-beam construction structures in your building projects.
The structure of the building will be sturdy, with minimal components. Building with fewer components will result in cheaper construction costs due to decreased material and shipping expenses.
Because less material will be used in building, the I-beam cost will be low, project completion time will be shortened and as a result, construction costs will be kept to a minimum.
In that case, using the I beam will assure a cheap construction cost. As a result of fewer building materials used, the inside of the structure will be spacious. Also, because of their strength, I beams can span a big area with little support.
3. Design of the I Beam
The designs of the I beams, as well as the materials used in their manufacturing, are the key reasons why they can sustain a lot of weight. A steel I beam is made up of two long planes called flanges and an intermediate part called a web. The cross-section of the web and fridges has an “I” and an “H” appearance due to the shape of the web and flanges.
Depending on their uses, I beams are available in a variety of flange widths and web thicknesses. The axil fiber, which carries the majority of the weight in an I-beam, contains the majority of the material. The shape of the I-beam is critical in increasing resistance to high stress.
The best I beams have a small cross-section area and use less material while maintaining their intended shape. A contractor must consider various aspects when selecting an I-beam, which include:
Certain mass and rigidity are chosen to prevent floor vibration.
An I-beam’s cross-section must be strong enough to withstand yield stress.
The flanges are protected to avoid shear locally, or sideways buckling.
The contractor should select an I-beam with a web thickness that can withstand high stress without buckling or rippling.
To withstand distortion, the contractor should use a thick I-beam.
Steel is extremely durable because it can endure severe weather conditions. It is even regarded as the most long-lasting construction material. Steel I-beams, unlike wood, are not prone to rotting, aging, mildew, or termites.
The most significant challenge that a building might have is wearing as it ages, which is exacerbated by corrosion.
The advantage of using I beams is resistance to corrosion, making them appropriate for use in both outdoor and interior constructions. As steel beams age, they will not be subjected to wrapping, splitting, fracturing, or creeping.
The important factor that ensures the I-beam’s durability is that it must adhere to rules and regulations set throughout its manufacturing process before it is marketed.
I-beam construction eliminates the need for load-bearing walls. Without the need for these support structures, you can design buildings with large spans, walls of windows, or any other design element you choose. Without the restriction of load-bearing walls, you are limited only to your imagination.
I-beams are not just installed in new buildings; they can be used to strengthen, remodel, or enlarge a structure. An I beam in construction is easier to adapt to a new structure since it is easily modifiable. Because of the lower strength, wooden beams are not adjustable.
I-beams are the most cost-effective replacement for a worn-out wooden beam. As a result of trees of the same species having varying grain density, steel I-beams are better compared to wooden beams.
The Choice Is Yours
Using I-beams as part of the construction process opens up many options that are not available with traditional construction.
I-beams allow you to avoid the need for load-bearing walls, which add material and construction time, both of which drive up prices. I-beams allows you to control costs without sacrificing strength or durability, which are the two attributes often compromised when attempting to rein in costs.
Regardless of the project you have in mind, I-beam construction provides uncompromising strength. The production method used to create I-beams leaves you with a sturdy beam that allows for the even distribution of weight. Even in situations where it is undersized for the project, an I-beam will bend, rather than collapse.
Of course, initial building costs are only one part of the cost of a project. With I-beam construction, you can be confident that your building is here to stay. Able to withstand extreme weather conditions, termites, mildew, and other elements that attack buildings over time. Suitable for both outdoor and indoor building projects, I-beams give you freedom and the confidence to build the project as you envision it, without being tied to many of the limitations of traditional construction.
With the understanding of what is an I beam and its uses in I beam construction projects, you may confidently purchase them for any building project. But before you begin, you must consult an expert to ensure that you acquire the correct beams. This will guarantee that you construct a structure that can endure all external stresses without buckling.
If you seek to purchase I beams, allow Bushwick Metals to take care of your bulk I-beam needs for your construction project. Request a quote today and we will provide perfect I beams for your construction on schedule and in a professional way.
Corrugated Metal Decking For Concrete At Bushwick Metals
If you are pouring concrete, you need to know what kind of support will best serve your project. Companies and project managers interested in the ins and outs of corrugated metal decking might be surprised at the versatility and durability of this decking.
To give an overview of the applications, benefits, and installation of corrugated metal decking for concrete, we’ve got a quick guide for you.
So, let’s begin.
What Is Corrugated Metal Decking?
Decking provides support for concrete as it cures. Structural concrete is an integral part of residential and commercial construction. There are several types of decking used for such projects:
- Wood decking
- Steel decking
- Composite metal decking
- Corrugated metal decking
It’s important to understand that steel decking can be in either composite or corrugated metal form. We’ll cover this difference below. But, for now, let’s look at how wood and corrugated metal decking for concrete compare.
Corrugated Metal vs. Wood Decking
Structural concrete requires different levels of reinforcement depending on the concrete elements used. On average, concrete weighs between 140 to 150 lbs per cubic foot. This means the supporting decking must be able to support this weight. Wooden decking is designed for concrete slabs where the height of concrete does not exceed 6 inches.
Unfortunately, wood is not ideal for shoring large areas, especially for multi-story buildings where the concrete extends over several beams. Here, the reinforcement structure needs to support a lot of weight. Wood has a tensile strength of 0.65 MPa. In this regard, even at its lowest, the average tensile strength of steel is far superior at 200 MPa.
This is where metal decking forms have the advantage. Moreover, in terms of cost-effectiveness, steel is often the cheaper option.
Early 2022 saw a 26.7% rise (from $979 to $1336 per thousand feet) in monthly lumber prices, whereas steel prices dropped during the pandemic by 8%. This cost was no doubt inflated by rising timber prices due to increased tariffs, labor shortages, and mill closures.
Although these areas also affected the steel industry, in terms of the longevity of metal compared to steel, returns are usually better. Steel has an average lifespan of 35 years, with durable timber only reaching 15 to 25 years. Additionally, unlike wood forms that need removing after shoring, steel forms don’t need removing after curing the concrete.
Composite vs. Corrugated Metal Decking
Both corrugated and composite steel decking serve to reinforce concrete. Shape and finish characterize the difference between the two. Composite metal decking has a ribbed profile.
These are embossed dents in the metal. When the concrete is poured, the embossing gives the concrete an area to grip on as it cures. This significantly increases the structural integrity of the finished structure.
The ridges are flattened at the top and ends of their valleys and peaks with corrugated metal decking. The flat surface provides a larger area for the concrete to adhere to. The deeper the grooves, the thicker the slabs of concrete that can be applied. In turn, the strength of the finished support is greater. Corrugated metal is lightweight but remarkably rigid, meaning more concrete can be poured as needed.
Typically, corrugated steel is best for supporting short concrete slabs, whereas composite decking is for thicker or longer slabs. In terms of cost, composite decking can range from $400 to $800 per ton, with corrugated decking at $350 to $600 on average.
Uses of Corrugated Metal Decking
As mentioned, the primary use of metal decking is to provide temporary shoring for concrete slabs. In terms of combined applications, corrugated metal decking for concrete is suitable for:
- Wall panels
- Steel canopies
- Siding panels
In general, we see steel decking used in many applications. This is because it can be directly transported to construction sites as it has already precut according to application. This makes using steel decking easy and time-effective.
Types of Steel Form Decking Profiles
Different deck panels come with different profiles. These differences affect length, strength, and cost. Within these profiles, you can also specify different gauges. The lower the gauge, the heavier the weight. Heavier gauges prevent sagging between roof beams. The further the span between beams, the heavier the gauge will need to support the weight.
This is the most common decking profile. Type B forms are primarily used to support roofing. Its panels are usually corrugated with 1 and a half-inch deep ridges, 36 inches wide.
This type of profile is best for projects with a long span between beams. It has deep-set ridges of 3 inches giving it more strength to support increased beam distance. The width between ridges can be 24 or 36 inches, depending on the strength of support needed. Again, type N is primarily used for roofing.
Why Do You Need Corrugated Metal Decking for Concrete?
Steel decking, corrugated and composite, have many benefits. The most notable advantages include:
- High weight to strength ratio
- Low cost
- Easy to handle
- Quick to install
The next step is choosing the right supplier for the job. That’s the only way to ensure you’ll be able to capitalize on all these benefits.
Why Choose Bushwick Metals?
Bushwick Metals offers next-day delivery for a wide range of products, including corrugated metal decking for concrete.
For project managers and purchasing teams, we provide affordable inventory solutions. You can order when needed and cut hefty storage and inventory costs. We are a reliable vendor for expanded metal, grating, strips, cut plate, galvanized long products, beams, and more. We partner with businesses to offer a one-stop solution to all their steel sourcing.
So, why not contact us today to find out why we’re Northwest’s leading wholesale distributor.
What’s The Best Quality Steel For Construction?
Steel is an important material that can be used in the construction of many different types of buildings. There are many different qualities and types of steel, which makes it difficult to choose just one. As a matter of fact, the variety in steel can confuse beginners in construction. Hence, making their construction projects that much more difficult.
In this article, we will discuss what the best quality steel for construction is based on a few factors. Not only that, we will discuss why there are different types of steel. Whenever you’re ready to learn more about the world of construction metals, get your notes handy and keep reading.
Why There Are Different Types Of Steel?
For instance, there are low-carbon steels, which have a high level of carbon and iron. These types of steel are usually harder than mild steel but also more brittle. Some people refer to these as “lower quality” because they dent easily.
Then there is stainless steel, which typically contains chromium and nickel to make it corrosion resistant. This type of material can take on some additional load-bearing weight without bending or breaking like other metals may do under pressure (though this depends on the specific grade).
Mild Steel is another common metal used in construction projects, though not necessarily for its resistance properties—it’s very cheap! Mild steels require minimal heat treatment before use because most varieties contain less than 0.25% carbon.
Quality of Steel
No matter the type of steel, its quality is determined by three factors: carbon content, alloying materials, and heat treatment.
The more carbon a particular metal has in it, the stronger and harder that material will be. Generally speaking, higher carbon steels can withstand more stress before they deform or break than lower-carbon steels without sacrificing any ductility.
However, this isn’t always true because there are other varying alloys within these types of metals that make them different from one another. For example, stainless steel contains less carbon but also contains chromium to give it corrosion resistance properties as we discussed above. So while mild steel may not have as many benefits as stainless steel does when considering strength vs cost, it is cheaper and easier to form than stainless steel.
Steel is made by passing iron through a furnace where the gas burns up with oxygen, producing heat in the process. This heated air then oxidizes (or rusts) any exposed metal before being blasted back into the hot zone of the furnace chamber for more oxidation or “burning”. The amount of time this cycle takes determines how much carbon gets deposited onto each piece as well as its quality.
Steel can be hardened via annealing which involves heating the material to a certain temperature. Then allowing it to cool slowly so that internal stresses are relieved. So much that they keep from breaking under tension while also giving it strength due to continued cooling processes. However, this process does not change the metal’s chemical composition and thus it is less expensive to produce.
The best quality steel for construction will often undergo more than one heat treatment. For instance, tempering involves heating a piece of iron. Primarily to remove some of its internal stresses while also maintaining ductility or toughness. This process can be rather costly. But it is worth it due to better strength retention under tension.
The Different Types of Steel Products You Can Use For Your Project
Along with having the best quality steel for construction, you need to know what kind of steel products you can get to serve your needs better. Here’s a look at some of the most popular steel products.
Expanded Metal and Grating: Industrial-grade expanded metal and grating are made of either carbon or stainless steel. They are made from durable and high-quality steel that ensure that no matter what the load or volume is, your steel won’t buckle. It is usually made from one sheet, which ensures that there are no welds or joints present, creating a seamless grating. When you’re looking to construct durable stairs, platforms, and ramps that fit industrial requirements, this is ideal.
Rebar: Formally known as a reinforcing bar, it is a common steel product used to increase the tensile strength of any structure. It can help aid and strengthen concrete that is under significant pressure. It can be used in both new and old structures, making it a highly versatile item that most constructors love. It is more flexible than most steel products and non-corrosive.
Steel Bars: These can be referred to as the big siblings of rebar. They are the bigger and heavier version of reinforcing bars used when there is a higher requirement to support high load and volume. Since they are made of pure steel, they can also be heavier than your average rebar.
Steel Beams: Steel beams are the ideal choice when you’re looking to find beams that can support various structures and handle high volumes. You can several different types of beams depending on your requirements, like I-beam, H-beam, etc. Because they are offered in different varieties, they are highly versatile and can be used in both new and old structures. Beams are also used in truck and trailer frames, bridges, platforms, etc.
Steel Decking: When you’re in the business of constructing composite concrete floor slabs, you must already be familiar with the utility of steel decking. They are a sheet of high-performance galvanized steel. They are also useful in roof construction. It can also be used for insulating membranes in a structure. They are multi-purpose steel products that can be molded per your requirements.
Steel Tubing and Piping: For industrial applications, steel tubing and piping are ideal. They are not corrosive and highly resistant to various external elements, making them an ideal choice that is durable and functional. It can be used for the transportation of water, gases, and other various liquids. Presently, they are commonly used in conveyor belts, mills, and many other machines. They can withstand extreme temperatures and pressures, making them ideal for many factory and industrial applications.
Steel Plates and Steel Sheets: Whether you’re in the marine construction business or commercial construction business, you might have used steel plating before. They are highly durable and high-performing, which makes them ideal for a variety of industrial construction purposes. Many military and pressure vessel equipment is made from steel plates due to their durability against high temperatures and pressures.
You can also consider getting additional value-added services like plate processing, section bending and cambering, custom toll-formed floor and roof deck, and more with the right distributor and supplier.
What Is the Best Steel for Construction?
When it comes to construction, the best steel is often the most durable. It is important to take into account the practicality of the construction process when choosing a steel grade.
Some steel, such as low carbon steel, is used mainly for production purposes. They get heated quickly without too much oxygen so that the material doesn’t become brittle. As it would from oxidation caused by high-temperature exposure. Hence, these pieces don’t need any additional steps before use.
Typically though, carbon content (which determines how strong and hard it will be) plays an essential role in deciding which type of steel is best. The higher the carbon percentage in a piece of metal like steel or iron has, then this means that less heat treatment needs to occur and more strength retention can happen under tension.
More often than not though with lower grades of metal, there is the need for further heat treatments. This is to remove some of the carbon molecules from the surface. A higher grade steel (such as high-carbon steel) can be produced by several processes. But one example is through casting followed by carburizing.
This process will strengthen and harden it with three major steps in this order.
First heating up while exposed to pure oxygen at 900 degrees Celsius. Then soaking in the molten salt bath until second heated again at 850 degrees Celsius. This also leaves just enough carbon on the outside. The third step involves tempering where temperature needs only to rise back up. This around 300 degrees Celsius before cooling down quickly.
The best construction steels often have both low and high percentages of carbon. This is so that they are strong and durable yet still flexible. It is important to always use the right type of steel for your project. Be aware that different grades will make a difference in cost, performance, usage, longevity, and safety.
Best Steel for Your Project
Now that you know what determines the best quality steel for construction, you are that much closer to having it integrated into your project. Steel is easy to come by, but it’s not all made the same. If you’re interested in the highest quality of steel with full-scale customer services, get in touch with us and we will happily accommodate your needs.